Vomiting is an expression of getting rid of harmful things that irritate your stomach lining. It signifies that something is not good with the stomach. Medically this condition is known as hematemesis. It can be a result of bleeding in the esophagus or small intestine. The appearance of blood in vomit depends on where it's coming from and for how long. There are lots of different causes of vomiting blood. It can be a serious medical problem.
Some of the main causes of vomiting blood include
1. Ulcer of the small intestine, also known as peptic ulcer. It may also cause stomach aches.
2. Inflammation of food pipe (esophagitis). It can be a result of acid reflux and may show symptoms like heartburn.
3. Gastritis or duodenitis
4. Liver cirrhosis
5. Abnormal tissue growth/cancers
Blood in vomiting and blood in cough, both are different. Vomiting blood may get serious if you have other symptoms as well like
1. Feeling dizziness, fainting
2. Chest pain
3. Fast heartbeats
4. Bad stomach ache
5. Also a patient with heart disease or liver disease
But if you are vomiting blood, you should always get yourself checked by doctors. Get the proper diagnosis done. The doctor may advise you to get a blood transfusion. This will help recover the blood that you have lost. The doctor may get an endoscopy done to know from where the blood is coming. He may also recommend a biopsy test to check for any infections.
Treatment for this very much depends on the cause
If you are diagnosed with peptic ulcer, gastritis or duodenitis –
1. NSAIDs and painkillers are useful for peptic ulcers.
2. Antibiotic and antacid medicines are also effective.
3. Quitting smoking and alcohol is also helpful in getting rid of this.
4. Avoiding spicy and fried foods may also help (as it will prevent irritation to gut health).
It is important to strictly follow the doctor’s advice as some causes of vomiting blood like cancers can be life-threatening and need further advanced treatment.
Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.